Friday, July 19, 2019

Early Christian Quotes on the Judgment

Early Christian Quotes on the Judgment

The Christian Sibylline Oracles (2nd Century) Book 2:280-315:

And then shall Uriel, mighty angel, break 
The bolts of stern and lasting adamant 
Which, monstrous, bold the brazen gates of Hades, 
Straight cast them down, and unto judgment lead 
All forms that have endured much suffering, 
Chiefly the shapes of Titans born of old, 
And giants, and all whom the deluge whelmed, 
And all that perished in the billowy seas, 
And all that furnished banquet for the beasts 
And creeping things and fowls, these in a mass 
Shall (Uriel) summon to the judgment-seat; 
And also those whom flesh-devouring fire 
Destroyed in flame, even these shall he collect 
And place before the judgment-seat of God. 
And when the high-thundering Lord of Sabaoth 
Making an end of fate shall raise the dead, 
Sit on his heavenly throne, and firmly fix 
The mighty pillar, then amid the clouds 
Christ, who himself is incorruptible, 
Shall come unto the Incorruptible 
In glory with pure angels, and shall sit 
At the right hand on the great judgment-seat 
To judge the life of pious and the way 
Of impious men. And Moses, the great friend 
Of the Most High, shall come enrobed in flesh 
Also great Abraham himself shall come, 
Isaac and Jacob, Joshua, Daniel, 
Elijah, Habakkuk and Jonah, and 
Those whom the Hebrews slew. But he'll destroy 
The Hebrews after Jeremiah, all 
Who are to be judged at the judgment-seat, 
That worthy recompense they may receive 
And pay for all each did in mortal life. 
And then shall all pass through the burning stream 
Of flame unquenchable; but all the just 
Shall be saved;

2 Clement (Early to Mid-2nd Century) Chapter 17:

For the Lord said, "I come to gather all nations [kindreds] and tongues." This means the day of His appearing, when He will come and redeem us--each one according to his works. And the unbelievers will see His glory and might, and, when they see the empire of the world in Jesus, they will be surprise, saying, "Woe to us, because Thou wast, and we knew not and believed not and obeyed not the elders who show us plainly of our salvation." And "their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be a spectacle unto all flesh." It is of the great day of judgment He speaks, when they shall see those among us who were guilty of ungodliness and erred in their estimate of the commands of Jesus Christ. The righteous, having succeeded both in enduring the trials and hating the indulgences of the soul, whenever they witness how those who have swerved and denied Jesus by words or deeds are punished with grievous torments in fire unquenchable, will give glory to their God and say, "There will be hope for him who has served God with his whole heart."

The Epistle of the Apostles (Mid-2nd Century) Chapter 26:

Verily I say unto you: the flesh shall arise, and the soul, alive, that their defence may come to pass on that day in regard of that that they have done, whether it be good or evil: that there may be a choosing-out of the faithful who have kept the commandments of my Father that sent me; and so shall the judgement be accomplished with strictness. For my Father said unto me: My Son, in the day of judgement thou shalt have no respect for the rich, neither pity for the poor, but according to the sins of every man shalt thou deliver him unto everlasting torment. But unto my beloved that have done the commandments of my Father that sent me will I give the rest of life in the kingdom of my Father which is in heaven, and they shall behold that which he hath given me. And he hath given me authority to do that which I will, and to give that which I have promised and determined to give and grant unto them.

Justin Martyr’s Dialog with Trypho (Mid-2nd Century) Chapter 5:

"'But I do not say, indeed, that all souls die; for that were truly a piece of good fortune to the evil. What then? The souls of the pious remain in a better place, while those of the unjust and wicked are in a worse, waiting for the time of judgment. Thus some which have appeared worthy of God never die; but others are punished so long as God wills them to exist and to be punished.'

Justin Martyr’s Dialog with Trypho (Mid-2nd Century) Chapter 120: 

to raise those worthy of the honour to the everlasting kingdom along with the holy patriarchs and prophets; but He has said that He will send others to the condemnation of the unquenchable fire along with similar disobedient and impenitent men from all the nations.

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Find more of what the early Christians thought on my Christian History page!

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